Human rights human rights are certain moral guarantees this article examines the philosophical basis and content of the doctrine of human rights. John rawls b 1921 d 2002 was an american political philosopher in the liberal tradition his theory of justice as fairness describes a society of free citizens holding equal basic rights and cooperating within an egalitarian economic system his theory of political liberalism delineates the legitimate use of political power in a democracy and envisions how civic unity might endure . Natural and legal rights are two types of rightsnatural rights are those that are not dependent on the laws or customs of any particular culture or government and so are universal and inalienable they cannot be repealed or restrained by human laws legal rights are those bestowed onto a person by a given legal system they can be modified repealed and restrained by human laws. Print pdf john locke and the natural law and natural rights tradition steven forde university of north texas john locke is one of the founders of liberal political philosophy the philosophy of individual rights and limited govern ment. John locke political philosophy john locke 1632 1704 presents an intriguing figure in the history of political philosophy whose brilliance of exposition and breadth of scholarly activity remains profoundly influential locke proposed a radical conception of political philosophy deduced from the principle of self ownership and the corollary right to own property which in turn is based on
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