John rawls b 1921 d 2002 was an american political philosopher in the liberal tradition his theory of justice as fairness describes a society of free citizens holding equal basic rights and cooperating within an egalitarian economic system his theory of political liberalism delineates the legitimate use of political power in a democracy and envisions how civic unity might endure . Rawls mature theory of social justice an introduction for students c by dr jan garrett for all material not otherwise attributed latest minor revision august 24 2005. Pdf the new natural law theory christopher tollefsen the new natural law nnl theory sometimes also called the new classical natural law theory is the name given a particular revival and revision of thomistic natural law theory initiated in the 1960s by germain grisez. The social norm of reciprocity is the expectation that people will respond to each other in similar ways responding to gifts and kindnesses from others with similar benevolence of their own and responding to harmful hurtful acts from others with either indifference or some form of retaliation such norms can be crude and mechanical such as a literal reading of the eye for an eye rule lex
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